Course: Class VII | Subject: English

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In India we call Mahatma Gandhi, “Bapu” or “Rashtrapita”. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2nd October, 1869 at Porbander in Kathiawad, Gujrat. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. His mother’s name was Putlibai. His wife was Kasturba Gandhi.

Gandhi ji lived the file of a common man and kept him away from luxuries. He was very honest and truthful from his childhood. Once he read the story of Shravana Kumar. Shravana used to carry his old and blind parents in baskets slung on a bamboo yoke.

Gandhi ji was deeply touched by his devotion towards his old parents. He decided to be like Shravana and serve his parents.

He went to England to obtain a law degree. After obtaining his degree he returned to India in 1893. He was restless to see his countrymen suffering under the foreign rule. So he devoted his entire life for the upliftment of the poor and to free his country from the clutches of the British Rule. He led the freedom movement against the British Government and started “Satyagrah”, “Non- Cooperation Movement”, Dandi Salt March”, “Quit India Movement” and “Civil Disobedience Movement” . Ultimately, India got freedom on 15th August 1947.

Mahatma Gandhi is known for his principles of non-violence all over the world. He led a saintly life and was against all sorts of injustice and inequality prevailing in the society. He wanted to establish Ramarajya. By Ramarajya he meant the kingdom of God. For him Ram and Rahim were one and same deity. For his great contribution to the country, Indians call him the “Father of the Nation” or “Bapu”. He was assassinated on 30th January 1948 by Nathuram Godse. Since them, 30th January is observed as Martyr’s Day in India.


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